Common name: Parathion (ethyl parathion)
IUPAC name: O,O-diethyl O-4-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate
Solubility: 11 mg/L in water at 20 C, completely miscible in most organic solvents.
Usage: Insecticide for the control of sucking and chewing insects, including soil insects. Cholinesterase inhibitor, i.e., poisons nerve function in the animal body. Used in a wide range of crops; non-phytotoxic except for a few species. Classified as a compound of low mobility in soil and rapidly degraded in biologically active soils, with short-lived intermediate products.